Sam Tilsen

Assistant Professor

Linguistics

Cornell University

[curriculum vitae]

Selection-coordination theory

Why is phonological structure hierarchical? By emphasizing developmental changes in how speakers group and control articulatory movements, Selection-coordination theory explains the emergence of hierarchical phonological structure and accounts for cross-linguistic phonological variation.

Speech energy

Over the course of an experimental session, the arousal and attention levels of a speaker fluctuate. Fluctuations of this sort influence the control of speech and other motor systems, giving rise to correlations in the outputs of phonatory, postural, and articulatory systems. These patterns of correlation shed light on the underlying organization of speech.

Social networks and speech

Every communicative interaction has the potential to influence how we speak. By studying the co-evolution of social network structure and linguistic behavior in the context of constrained-vocabulary games, we can learn about the mechanisms which shape human language.

Articulatory biofeedback

How can we control the control of speech movements? Real-time articulatory biofeedback creates an environment in which speakers receive visual sensory feedback for lingual, mandibular, and labial movements. There are many exciting research and clinical applications of this technology.

Papers

[2017]Exertive modulation of speech and articulatory phasing.
Tilsen, S. Journal of Phonetics. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2017.03.001.
[2016]Shared representations underlie metaphonological judgments and speech motor control.
Tilsen, S. & Cohn, A. Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology, 7(1): 14, pp. 1-33, doi:10.5334/labphon.52
[2016]Selection and coordination: the articulatory basis for the emergence of phonological structure.
Tilsen, S. Journal of Phonetics, 55: 53-77. doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2015.11.005
[2016]Anticipatory Posturing of the Vocal Tract Reveals Dissociation of Speech Movement Plans from Linguistic Units.
Tilsen, S., Spincemaille, P., Xu, B., Doerschuk, P., Luh, W.-M., Feldman, E., Wang, Y. PLoS ONE doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146813
[2016]A shared control parameter for F0 and intensity.
Tilsen, S. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 1066-1070.
[2016]Early Prosodic Manifestations of Disfluency.
Li, J. & Tilsen, S. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 1235-1239.
[2016]Correlations between speech behavior and social network structure in a constrained vocabulary game
Tilsen, S. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2016.
[2015]Real-time articulatory biofeedback with electromagnetic articulography.
Tilsen, S., Das, D., & McKee, B. Linguistics Vanguard doi:10.1515/lingvan-2014-1006
[2015]Structured nonstationarity in articulatory timing.
Tilsen, S. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.
[2015]Relation between syllable count judgments and durations of English liquid rimes.
Cohn, A. & Tilsen, S. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.
[2015]Phonetic evidence for two types of disfluency.
Li, J. & Tilsen, S. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.
[2015]The articulatory tone-bearing unit: Gestural coordination of lexical tone in Thai.
Karlin, R. & Tilsen, S. POMA, 22, 060006.
[2015]A gestural account of mandarin tone sandhi.
Yi, H. & Tilsen, S. POMA, 22, 060003.
[2015]A real-time MRI investigation of anticipatory posturing in prepared responses.
Tilsen, S., Spincemaille, P., Xu, B., Doerschuk, P., Karlin, R., Yi, H., Feldman, E., Luh, W., Wang, Y. POMA, 22, 060001.
[2015]Speech and social network dynamics in a constrained vocabulary game: design and hypotheses.
Tilsen, S. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2015.
[2014]Selection and coordination in temporally constrained production.
Tilsen, S. Journal of Phonetics, 44: 26-46.
[2014]Some people are eager to be heard: anticipatory posturing in speech production.
Tilsen, S., Spincemaille, P., Xu, B., Doerschuk, P., Karlin, R., Yi, H., Feldman, E., Luh, W., Wang, Y. 168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America Lay Language Papers.
[2014]Syllable count judgments and durations of liquid rimes in English.
Tilsen, S., Cohn, A, & Ricciardi, E. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2014.
[2014]Selection-coordination theory.
Tilsen, S. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2014.
[2013]A dynamical model of hierarchical selection and coordination in speech planning.
Tilsen, S. PLoS ONE 8(4): e62800. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062800
[2013]Speech rhythm analysis with decomposition of the amplitude envelope: Characterizing rhythmic patterns within and across languages.
Tilsen, S. & Arvaniti, A. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134, 1: 628-639. doi:10.1121/1.4807565
[2013]Inhibitory mechanisms in speech planning maintain and maximize contrast.
Tilsen, S. In A. Yu (Ed.), Origins of Sound Patterns: Approaches to Phonologization. 112-127. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[2013]Comparison of native and non-native consonant articulation with real-time magnetic resonance imaging of the vocal tract.
Tilsen, S., Xu, B., Spincemaille, P., Srivastava, M., Doerschuk, P., Wang, Y. POMA, 19, 060246.
[2013]Acoustic and articulatory evidence for the phonological status of liaison consonants.
L'Esperance, M.-J. & Tilsen, S. POMA, 19, 060245.
[2013]Imitation of intonational gestures: a preliminary report.
Tilsen, S., Burgess, D., & Lantz, E. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2013.
[2012]Articulatory gestures are individually selected in production.
Tilsen, S. & Goldstein, L. Journal of Phonetics, 40: 764-779.
[2012]Utterance preparation and stress clash: planning prosodic alternations.
Tilsen, S. In Fuchs, S., Perrier, P., Weirich, M. & Pape, D. (Eds.) Speech production and perception: Planning and dynamics, pp. 119-156. Frankfurt Am Main: Peter Lang Verlag.
[2012]Acoustic analysis of the effects of metrical regularity on interval durations.
Tilsen, S., Cibelli, E., Kang, S., Houde, J., Nagarajan, S. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2012.
[2012]A cross-linguistic investigation of articulatory coordination in word-initial consonant clusters.
Tilsen, S., Zec, D., Bjorndahl, C., Butler, B., L Esperance, M. J., Fisher, A., Heimisdottir, L., Renwick, M., Sanker, C. Cornell Working Papers in Phonetics and Phonology 2012.
[2011]Effects of syllable stress on articulatory planning observed in a stop-signal experiment.
Tilsen, S. Journal of Phonetics, 39: 642-659.
[2011]Metrical regularity facilitates speech planning and production.
Tilsen, S. Laboratory Phonology, 2: 1, 185-218.
[2010]Automated measurement of vowel formants in the Buckeye Corpus.
Yao, Y., Tilsen, S., Sprouse, R., & Johnson, K. Gengo Kenkyu (Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan), 138: 99-113.
[2009]Multi-timescale dynamical interactions between speech rhythm and gesture.
Tilsen, S. Cognitive Science, 33, 839-879.
[2009]Subphonemic and cross-phonemic priming in vowel shadowing: evidence for the involvement of exemplars in production.
Tilsen, S. Journal of Phonetics, 37:3, 276-296.
[2009]Toward a dynamical interpretation of hierarchical linguistic structure.
Tilsen, S. UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report, 462-512.
[2008]Low-frequency Fourier analysis of speech rhythm.
Tilsen, S. & Johnson, K. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 124:2, EL34-39.
[2008]Relations between speech rhythm and segmental deletion.
Tilsen, S. Proceedings from the Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 44:1, 221-223.
[2008]Preliminary results of a stop-signal experiment.
Tilsen, S. UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report, 686-712.
[2007]Vowel-to-vowel coarticulation and dissimilation in response-priming.
Tilsen, S. UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report, 416-458.
[2007]Low-frequency Fourier analysis of speech rhythm in the VIC corpus.
Tilsen, S. UC-Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report, 686-712.
[2006]Multiple attractors in grammaticalization: evidence from Kuki Thaadow verbal morphology.
Tilsen, S. M.A. qualifying paper.
[2006]Rhythmic coordination in repetition disfluency: a harmonic timing effect.
Tilsen, S. UC Berkeley Phonology Lab Annual Report, 73-114.

Talks

[2017]TBD.
7th International Conference on Speech Motor Control. Groningen, the Netherlands.
[2017]TBD.
Workshop on Dynamic Modeling in Phonetics and Phonology, University of Chicago, IL.
[2016]Modeling pitch gesture imitation: only targets and relative timing are controlled.
Tilsen, S. Common Prosody Platform Satellite Workshop, Speech Prosody, Boston, MA, June 4.
[2016]Early Prosodic Manifestations of Disfluency.
Li, J. & Tilsen, S. Speech Prosody 8, Boston, MA, June 4.
[2016]A shared control parameter for F0 and intensity.
Tilsen, S. Speech Prosody 8, Boston, MA, June 3.
[2016]Modeling the interaction between intonation and lexical tone: an Articulatory Phonology perspective
Yi, H. & Tilsen, S. Common Prosody Platform Satellite Workshop, Speech Prosody, Boston, MA, June 4.
[2015]Selection-coordination theory.
University of Rochester Linguistics Departmental Colloquium, Nov. 20.
[2015]Selection-coordination theory.
University of Southern California Linguistics Departmental Colloquium, Oct. 12.
[2015]Structured nonstationarity in articulatory timing.
Tilsen, S. The 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, Scotland, Aug. 12.
[2015]Relation between syllable count judgments and durations of English liquid rimes.
Cohn, A. & Tilsen, S. The 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Glasgow, Scotland, Aug. 10.
[2014]Selection and coordination of articulatory gestures: implications for phonological theory.
Mellon Humanities Corridor Workshop in Theoretical and Experimental Linguistics, Syracuse, NY, Dec. 7.
[2014]Experimental and analytic methodology in speech MRI.
USC Speech MRI Summit, Feb 18.
[2014]A real-time MRI investigation of anticipatory posturing in prepared responses.
Tilsen, S., Spincemaille, P., Doershuck, P., Karlin, R., Yi, H., Luh, W.. & Wang, Y. The 168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Indianapolis, IN, Oct. 28.
[2014]The mora as a unit of speech planning.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. Minneapolis, MN, January 4.
[2013]Selection and coordination of articulatory gestures: implications for phonological theory.
University of Buffalo Linguistics Departmental Colloquium, Nov. 15.
[2013]Compression of articulatory gestures in temporally constrained production.
Haskins Speech Laboratories, New Haven, CT, Mar. 28.
[2013]The dynamics of selection and coordination in speech production.
Neurobiology and Behavior Seminar series, Cornell University, Feb. 21.
[2013]Comparison of native and non-native consonant articulation with real-time magnetic resonance imaging of the vocal tract.
Tilsen, S., Xu, B., Spincemaille, P., Srivastava, M., Doershuck, P., & Wang, Y. The 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Montreal, Canada, June 6.
[2012]Identifying highly rhythmic stretches of speech with envelope-driven resonance analysis.
The 164th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Kansas City, KS, Oct. 22.
[2012]Articulatory gestures are individually selected in production.
Tilsen, S. & Goldstein, L. The 13th Conference on Laboratory Phonology. Stuttgart, Germany, July 27-29.
[2011]Speech rhythm analysis with empirical mode decomposition.
The 162nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. San Diego, CA, Nov. 3.
[2011]Comparing envelope- and interval-based rhythm metrics.
Tilsen, S. & Arvaniti, A. The 162nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. San Diego, CA, Nov. 5.
[2011]Utterance preparation and prosodic variability: a study of stress clash.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. Pittsburg, PA, January 8.
[2011]Phase-coupling and sequential selection in Wh-questions.
Tilsen, S. Parallel domains: locality in syntax/phonology and the representation of constituency. Univ. of Southern California, May 6.
[2011]Low-level adjustments to gross-categorical mismatches in the perception of accented speech.
Sumner, M. & Tilsen, S. The 162nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. San Diego, CA, 2011.
[2011]Control of duration and magnitude in speech imitation.
Parrell, B. & Tilsen, S. The sixth International Conference on Speech Motor Control, Groningen, The Netherlands, June, 2011.
[2010]Speech rhythm and brain rhythms: an MEG study.
Tilsen, S. Neurobiology of Language Conference, San Diego, CA, November 12.
[2010]Metrical regularity modulates articulatory rate.
Tilsen, S. The 12th Conference on Laboratory Phonology. New Mexico, July 8-10.
[2010]Syllable stress modulates articulatory planning: evidence from a stop-signal experiment.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD, January 9.
[2009]Evidence for covariability of intergestural and rhythmic timing.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, January 10.
[2008]Evidence for interaction between speech rhythm and gesture.
Tilsen, S. The 156th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. Miami, FL, November 13.
[2008]Intergestural inhibition counteracts phonologization.
Tilsen, S. The Symposium on Phonologization at the University of Chicago. Chicago, IL, April 25.
[2008]Relations between speech rhythm and segmental deletion.
Tilsen, S. The 44th Annual meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Chicago, IL, April 24.
[2008]Low-frequency spectral analysis as a metric of speech rhythm.
Tilsen, S. & Johnson, K. The Workshop on Empirical Approaches to Speech Rhythm. Centre for Human Communication, University College London, United Kingdom, March 28.
[2008]Experimental evidence for vowel-to-vowel dissimilation.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL, January 4.
[2007]Evidence for harmonic timing in repetition disfluency.
Tilsen, S. The Linguistic Society of America Annual Meeting. Anaheim, CA, January 7.
[2007]Low-frequency spectral analysis as a metric of speech rhythm.
Tilsen, S. Sixth annual meeting of the Society for Linguistics Undergraduates. Berkeley, CA, November 17.
[2007]The interaction of respiratory drive and linguistic structure.
McGuire, G. & Tilsen, S. The 154th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America. New Orleans, LA, November 27-30.

Courses

[Spr. 2017]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2017]Ling 7713: Phonetics Seminar
[Spr. 2016]Ling 1101: Introduction to Linguistics
[Spr. 2016]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2015]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2015]Ling 4419: Phonetics I
[Spr. 2014]Ling 4485: Topics in Computational Linguistics
[Spr. 2014]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2013]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2013]Ling 4420: Phonetics II
[Spr. 2012]Ling 3302: Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
[Spr. 2012]Ling 6601: Topics in Phonological Theory
[Fall 2016]Ling 4419: Phonetics I
[Fall 2015]Ling 7713: Phonetics Seminar
[Fall 2013]Ling 4419: Phonetics I
[Fall 2012]Ling 4419: Phonetics I
[Fall 2011]Ling 4419: Phonetics I